Seven factors contribute to the health and wellbeing of individuals and communities (Stallman, 2017).   These are:

  1. Healthy Environments.  From the moment of conception, physical, social, cultural, economic and learning environments affect health and wellbeing.
  2. Responsive parenting. Parenting that is responsive to the developmental needs of  a child helps  him/her develop: 1) a positive self-concept, 2) self-regulation and management skills; 3) interpersonal skills; and 4) problem-solving skills.
  3. Sense of Belonging.  The skills learnt through responsive parenting enable the development and maintenance of healthy relationships with others that provides the person with a sense of belonging and support.
  4. Healthy Behaviours.  Sleep, nutrition, physical activity, and mastery and pleasurable activities are essential for health,  wellbeing, and learning.
  5. Coping.  Life is bumpy.  Having healthy coping strategies to use when stressed or distressed and believing you can cope are essential for health and wellbeing.  These can include self-soothing, distraction, relaxing activities, social support, and professional support.
  6. Resilience.  Resilience is the process of bouncing back after having coped with a challenging situation.
  7. Treatment of illness. Timely access to evidence-based treatments for physical illnesses and psychological disorders helps minimise the impact of illness.