Seven factors contribute to the health and wellbeing of individuals and communities (Stallman, 2017). These are:
- Healthy Environments. From the moment of conception, physical, social, cultural, economic and learning environments affect health and wellbeing.
- Responsive parenting. Parenting that is responsive to the developmental needs of a child helps him/her develop: 1) a positive self-concept, 2) self-regulation and management skills; 3) interpersonal skills; and 4) problem-solving skills.
- Sense of Belonging. The skills learnt through responsive parenting enable the development and maintenance of healthy relationships with others that provides the person with a sense of belonging and support.
- Healthy Behaviours. Sleep, nutrition, physical activity, and mastery and pleasurable activities are essential for health, wellbeing, and learning.
- Coping. Life is bumpy. Having healthy coping strategies to use when stressed or distressed and believing you can cope are essential for health and wellbeing. These can include self-soothing, distraction, relaxing activities, social support, and professional support.
- Resilience. Resilience is the process of bouncing back after having coped with a challenging situation.
- Treatment of illness. Timely access to evidence-based treatments for physical illnesses and psychological disorders helps minimise the impact of illness.