A number of factors contribute to the health and wellbeing of individuals and communities:
- Environment. From the moment of conception, physical, social, cultural, and economic environments affect health and wellbeing.
- Parenting that is responsive to the developmental needs of children. This helps children develop a positive self-concept, language and social skills, self-regulation and management skills, independence, problem-solving and help-seeking skills.
- Belonging. The skills learnt through responsive parenting enable the development and maintenance of healthy relationships with others that provides a sense of belonging and support.
- Behaviours. Sleep, nutrition, physical activity, mastery activities, and pleasurable activities are essential for health and wellbeing.
- Coping. Life is bumpy. Having healthy coping strategies to use when stressed or distressed is essential for health and wellbeing. These can include self-soothing, distraction and relaxing activities, social support and professional support.
- Resilience is the process of bouncing back when we cope.
- Treatment of illnesses. Timely access to evidence-based treatments for physical and psychological illnesses helps minimise the impact of illness.
This document summarises how universities can promote and support student mental health and wellbeing using universal and targeted strategies.